Type 2 Diabetes
Some people have too much sugar or glucose in their blood; this condition is called diabetes. There are two kinds of diabetes, referred to as Type 1 and Type 2. Type 2 diabetes usually develops in older adults as a result of lifestyle factors, though it is thought that one can have a genetic propensity to its development.
Our bodies need glucose and insulin
The digestive process creates glucose, which is streamed into blood and either used as energy or stored as fat. When we have not eaten in a few hours, the level of glucose in our blood drops, causing the amount of insulin our body is producing to drop as well.
This drop in glucose and insulin triggers the production of more glucose; our bodies use glucogen or fat to produce the needed glucose. The production of insulin is also triggered in beta cells in our pancreas. When one is diabetic, insulin is not produced, as it should be.
What does type 2 diabetes look like?
Type 2 diabetes usually develops in people over the age of 40, although changes in diet and health have meant that more young people are being diagnosed with this disease. Whilst Type 1 diabetes is usually hereditary, Type 2 diabetes usually develops as a result of lifestyle choices. Type 2 diabetics tend to:
- be overweight or obese
- have family members with the disease
- are more likely to be South Asian or African-Caribbean
- be frequently undiagnosed globally
- have other health ailments
What does type 2 diabetes feel like?
Type 2 diabetes develops over time. If you have developed type 2 diabetes, you are likely to:
- frequently feel thirsty
- urinate more often than usual
- feel unusually tired
- lose weight unintentionally
- frequently feel hungry
- frequently catch colds or other infections
- feel occasional nausea
- experience occasional blurring of vision
- and sense tingling sensations.
What can you do to treat or prevent type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes is linked to obesity; losing weight is a priority. If you eat healthful foods and time your meals carefully, you will be able to reduce your diabetic symptoms. Making lifestyle changes is the preferred way to deal with type 2 diabetes, though medical options are available. Your doctor can prescribe medication, usually insulin that will deal with the symptoms of type 2 diabetes but not the underlying causes. Healthful eating and exercise is the way forward, if possible.