Sesamoiditis is a condition that occurs in the big toe. There is a very small bone that in located in the center of the tendon of the big toe; this bone helps the tendon control the toe. When you step off of your foot, it is this bone and tendon that help balance and propel you forward. Sesamoiditis occurs when there is irritation in the tendon that is around the small bone.
The most common cause of Sesamoiditis is continuously pushing off the toe. In some cases, this will even result in fracturing the small bone. This usually occurs if there has been a sharp increase in the amount of activity that puts pressure on the big toe and ball of the foot. For runners, increasing mileage too quickly is a prime cause of sesamoiditis, as is increased hill work or speed work. Dancers also frequently experience this injury.
Sesamoiditis is actually a form a tendonitis, a condition most people are much more familiar with. Symptoms typically include pain first and foremost. It may start as a mild pain that gradually becomes worse and will flare up during activity. The pain is usually a throbbing pain, not a sharp stabbing pain. It ma y also result in swelling, localized redness, or even bruising of the affected area. People often try to alter their steps to make the pain go away, which can actually lead to additional injuries and problems.
To help treat the condition, individuals suffering can find special shoes or shoe inserts that will help decrease the amount of pressure on the bone. Metatarsal pads are often recommended by experts. These pads help distribute the weight over the foot evening, which helps reduce swelling and discomfort caused by the condition.
One of the most important things people suffering with this condition can do to heal is to let the body rest. Decrease or all together stop the amount of training that is being done. Anything that puts stress on the area should be avoided to allow the body ample time to heal and to prevent further injury. Ice can be used to help reduce swelling and pain as well. This is particularly helpful after activity. Home remedies for swelling can also be useful such as turmeric and garlic mixed with honey in warm water and consumed as a tea a couple times a day.
In addition to home remedies and medical treatment, there are several foot exercises that can be practiced to help the area heal and to help strengthen the area to prevent injuries in the future.