Depression is a mental illness. People with this disorder see the world in black colors. It’s difficult to discern the line between chandra and depression. However, we distinguish the criteria which allow for the accurate identification, regardless of the reasons that led to this state. In psychiatry, depression is a particular kind of mood and emotion. The specific nature of the symptoms is the degree to which it is necessary to seek medical attention. The way in which we experience sadness and all the situations that trigger it are different, as are the reactions of various people. Modern science is not completely powerless and it set the criteria for an accurate diagnosis.
If we want to recognize depression we should pay attention to whether we are in such symptoms as:
- lack of energy, apathy
- tension, irritability
- feeling degraded memory and intellect, difficulty in concentrating
- reluctance to perform tasks that previously caused joy
- trouble sleeping, difficulty in falling asleep, frequent awakenings during the night, waking up early, or the opposite: excessive daytime sleepiness
- sense small value
- feelings of guilt and hopelessness
- decreased appetite and associated weight loss or the opposite
- increased appetite and weight gain
- physical symptoms, such as fatigue, pain (eg, head, abdomen, back), tightness in the chest, constipation
- decline in interest in sexual intercourse
- dislike and avoid contacting with people
Depression is a bit different in men and women and in young people. If we consider the differences that exist between the sexes we can easily diagnose depression. Depression is a loaded word in our culture. This relates mainly to men. Men with depression are less likely to admit to it. Instead, they complain about fatigue, sleep problems and loss of interest in work and hobbies. Other signs of depression in men include anger, aggression, irresponsible behavior, violence.
Depression in women is two times higher than in men. This is mainly due to the hormones, especially when women expect period (premenstrual syndrome (PMS), premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD), postpartum depression, and perimenopausal depression). The main signs of depression in women are: guilt, lethargy, assumption and losing weight, seasonal malaise. In women, there is a special kind of depression namely at the time when she becomes a mother “baby blues.” It is caused by hormonal changes associated with having baby. Postpartum depression may persist for up to six months after birth.