What to Do When You Have a Fever?
Marsha is 30 years old, and she is burning up. She touches her forehead to see if it is hot. It is. During a normal, the body’s temperature can rise one to degrees from the normal 98.6 ° Ferinheight. This happens do to exertion and the weather. Marsha has been a couch potato all day, and it is winter. So she concludes that she is suffering from a fever.
Marsha can misdiagnosis herself. For an adult, a fever is defined as a body temperature above 100.4 °, and it is a symptom of an inflammation or infection. If Marsha has a fever, it will go away when she treats the underlining illness.
There are four ranges of body temperatures.
Marsha is most likely in the low grade fever range (99 ° to 100.4 °). If her temperature increases, she will move to the pyrexia range (100.4 ° to 105.8 °). The danger zone for fevers start in the hyperpyrexia range (105.8 ° to 109.4 °). If her temperature goes above 109.4 °F, she is in the fatal fever range.
Stick A Thermometer Where?
It is time for Marsha to stop guessing if she has a fever and find out for sure. There are two ways she can take her body temperature. She can use a standard mercury thermometer or a digital thermometer. Marsha will receive the most accurate results if she takes her temperature under her tongue.
If she uses a Mercury Thermometer, she will have to do the following:
• Wash her hands thoroughly warm water and soap.
• Use cold water to clean the thermometer.
• Make sure mercury is positioned close to the bulb
• The thermometer can be reset by holding the opposite end of the bulb and shaking it with a flick of the wrist. The objective is to bring the mercury level below 98.6 °.
• Now, she will put end with the bulb under her tongue and then close her mouth.
• She leaves the thermometer in for a minute before reading the mercury line.
• Her temperature is 100.2 °.
• When she is finished with the thermometer, she rinses it with cool water and cleans it with alcohol.
Digital thermometers are easy to use, but they are expensive. Before she uses the thermometer, Marsha makes sure it is clean and turned on. Once this is confirmed, she uses the thermometer to read her temperature.
I Got Fever
Now that Marsha has confirmed that she has a fever. She can predict how long her fever will last by determining what stage of the fever she is experiencing. There are three stages of a fever.
• Onset is the beginning stage. Temperature can increase slowly or suddenly. Chills, feeling cold, breathing and heart rate increases can occur during this stage.
• Course of the fever is the middle stage. Temperatures fluctuate during this stage. Fluctuations can be continuous, intermittent or remittent. When Marsha is in this stage, she will look flushed, feel thirsty, lose her appetite, feel weak and tired, and suffer from a headache.
• Subsiding state is the last stage. Marsha’s temperature will return to normal.
At Home Doctor
Marsha uses various methods to treat her fever.
Her body automatically tries to cool her off by causing her to sweat. Marsha increases the amount of h2o she consumes in order to replace the loss of fluids cause by the sweating. Lots of liquids also help keep signs of dehydration at bay.
Marsha also keeps track of her temperature by taking it every 2 hours and writing it down. This helps her figure out if she is moving to another phase or another range of the fever. If she does experience other symptoms such as vomiting and coughing, she should take her temperature before the two hours are up.
Marsha’s fever is becoming very uncomfortable. She finds a little comfort in taking a lukewarm sponge bath. Since she is over the age of 20, she also has the option of taking either aspirin or ibuprofen to get her fever down.
What’s up, Doc?
Marsha hates doctors and wants to avoid visiting one. She only has to call her doctor if the following happens:
If her fever goes above 104 °F and stays there for two hours, she needs to call the doctor.
If a fever of 102 ° or higher keeps popping up for short periods of time during 12 to 24 hours, it is a persistent fever, and she should call the doctor.
If a fever stays high:
• If she has a 102 ° or higher fever for 2 full days
• If she has a 101 ° or higher fever for 3 full days
• If she has a 100 ° or higher fever for 4 full days
Marsha should call the doctor.
Coughing, headaches, sore throat, Oh My!
If Marsha starts to cough during her fever, this is a sign of an infection. If Marsha has a very bad headache, fever, and stiff neck, nausea, sensitivity to light and a feeling of drowsiness, she needs to call a doctor immediately. She is likely suffering from encephalitis or meningitis. If she has a sore throat, she should also call a doctor.