Having an ovarian cyst may be one of the most painful and difficult medical issues you deal with in your entire life. For all of that, however, there are thankfully plenty of ways to accurately identify and treat both the pain resulting from these cysts as well as the cysts themselves.
Ovarian cysts are sacs of fluid which form in the vicinity of your ovaries. These cysts can vary wildly in range, with some being as small as a pebble and others being as large as a marble or even a baseball.
The size and nature of your cyst will likely depend on a variety of factors, including the cause. One such cause is polycystic ovary syndrome, which is a condition which affects your endocrine system and can result in lowered fertility, irregular menstruation, an excessive amount of hormones resulting in acne and other side effects and, among other things, ovarian cysts. Another potential cause is endometriosis, which is a gynecological condition caused by cells outside the uterine cavity, which can itself result in, among other things, pain, infertility and possibly ovarian cysts.
Part of the difficulty in identifying ovarian cysts early is that they often appear without overt and unique symptoms; while ovarian cysts can cause pain in the ovarian area, as evidenced above, this is not a condition which is necessarily unique to an ovarian cyst. As such, detection often comes after their formation and via a doctor’s visit, hopefully before the pain manifests or becomes too severe.
There are several conditions which may lead towards your ovarian cyst causing you pain and cause you to become aware of its existence. Among these are enlargement, bleeding, bursting, or being bumped or becoming entwined in the inner workings of the ovarian region. All of these can result in pain which is—unfortunately-one of the most overt methods of detection short of medical examinations identifying the cyst early.
Thankfully, there are several treatment options available.
To begin with, your doctor may distinguish between functional/benign or potentially obstructive and painful cysts. If it’s the former, you may not need treatment, and your cyst may disappear on its own in the course of a couple of months. Birth control pills can decrease the size of new cysts, but will not decrease the size of any cysts that you currently have. Beyond this there are a variety of medications to mediate the size and frequency of cysts, and if they are painful or malignant enough, your doctor may recommend a course of surgery as treatment.